The third molar that generally juts out of the gums far near the ending dental dents is known as Wisdom Tooth. This tooth is the last one in the set to strike and it normally does in the last years of teenage. Wisdom tooth generally becomes a problem because in most cases it is seen that the required space for a spare tooth to grow is not there at the surface. In such a situation the third molar comes out in an inappropriate position which ultimately causes the acute pain at the back of the mouth. In extreme cases, it often leads to a swollen jaw. However, if a Wisdom tooth has enough space to grow then it is not an issue but, according to dentist terminology, when it is an impacted tooth then wisdom teeth removal becomes the only feasible option.
When a wisdom tooth develops minor pain and the home to bacteria in the boundaries of the gum can be dealt with the prescribed intake of antibiotics and mouthwash. In severe cases when the problem keeps recurring, the doctor prescribes a tooth extraction surgery. Other potential reasons like general infection, development of tumors and cysts, impact on the tooth right next to the affected one, decay and gum problems are also the reasons why it is always better to get a wisdom tooth extracted.
When the decision of wisdom teeth extraction has been taken, the first step that is taken by the dental specialist is that he or she tends to identify the root of the tooth and its position from the x-ray reports. The x-ray is done to access the intensity of difficulty that the patient and the doctor might face while going through the process of wisdom teeth removal. Most case histories show that a lower jaw wisdom tooth is normally more difficult to remove in comparison to the one that juts out from the upper gum area. Depending on the severity of the situation your local dentist will refer you further to an oral surgeon who specializes in the field. Sedatives or local anesthesia, either of the two will be analytically recommended. However, the expert oral surgeon might go ahead with general anesthesia, only if the extraction is done in a hospital.
For a while, one may experience swelling post the surgical procedure of removing the wisdom tooth. One may also confront pain and discomfort. This is when it becomes specifically important to follow the instructions about the dose of painkillers and prescribed wash for the mouth. During the recovery period, it is wise to avoid alcohol and cigarettes. The charge of the entire process is dependent on the severity of the situation and the venue in which it is being carried out.